I’m starting to think that some of you haven’t been paying attention.
- Ali, Ahmed, and Ibrahim Ali. The Black Celts: An Ancient African Civilization in Ireland and Britain. Cardiff: Punite Publications, 1992.
- Dabydeen, David, ed. The Black Presence in English Literature. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1985.
- Edwards, Paul, and James Walvin. “Africans in Britain, 1500-1800." The African Diaspora: Interpretive Essays. Edited by Martin L. Kilson and Robert I. Rotberg. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1976: 173-204.
- Higgins, Godfrey. Celtic Druids: Or, An Attempt to Show, that the Druids were the Priests of Oriental Colonies who Emigrated from India, and were the Introducers of the First or Cadmean System of Letters, and the Builders of Stonehenge, or Carnac, and of Other Cyclopean Works, in Asia and Europe. 1829; rpt. Los Angeles: Philosophical Research Society, 1977.
- Johnson, Rosalind. “African Presence in Shakespearean Drama: Parallels Between Othello and the Historical Leo Africanus." African Presence in Early Europe. Edited by Ivan Van Sertima. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1985: 276-87.
- Jones, E.D. Othello’s Countrymen: The African in English Renaissance Drama. London: Oxford University Press, 1965.
Luke, Don. “African Presence in the Early History of the British Isles and Scandinavia." African Presence in Early Europe. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1985: 223-44.
- The Mabinogion. Translated with an Introduction by Gwyn Jones and Thomas Jones. London: Dent, 1957.
- MacKenzie, Donald A. Ancient Man in Britain. Foreword by Grafton Elliot Smith. London: Blackie, 1922.
- MacManus, Seaumas. The Story of the Irish Race: A Popular History of Ireland. New York: Devin-Adair, 1921.
- MacRitchie, David. Ancient and Modern Britons: A Retrospect, 2 Vols. 1884; rpt. Introduction by William Preston. Los Angeles: Preston, 1985, 1986.
- Massey, Gerald. A Book of the Beginnings: Containing an Attempt to Recover and Reconstitute the Lost Origines of the Myths and Mysteries, Types and Symbols, Religion and Language, with Egypt for the Mouthpiece and Africa as the Birthplace. Volume 1, Egyptian Origines in the British Isles. 1881; rpt. Secaucus: University Books, 1974.
- Morien. Translated from the Medieval Dutch by Jessie L. Weston. London: Nutt, 1901.
Rashidi, Runoko. “Ancient and Modern Britons: A Review Essay." African Presence in Early Europe. Edited by Ivan Van Sertima. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1985: 251-60.
- Rogers, Joel Augustus. Nature Knows No Color-Line: Research Into the Negro Ancestry in the White Race. 3rd ed. New York: Rogers, 1952.
- Rogers, Joel Augustus. Sex and Race, Volume 1. 9th ed. New York: Rogers, 1967.
- Scobie, Edward. Black Britannia: A History of Blacks in Britain. Chicago: Johnson, 1972.
- Scobie, Edward. “African Women in Early Europe." African Presence in Early Europe. Edited by Ivan Van Sertima. New Brunswick: Journal of African Civilizations, 1985: 202-22.
- Scobie, Edward. “The Black in Western Europe." African Presence in Early Europe. Edited by Ivan Van Sertima. New Brunswick: Transaction Press, 1985: 190-202.
- Scobie, Edward. Global African Presence. Introduction by Ivan Van Sertima. Brooklyn: A&B, 1994.
- Skene, William F. Celtic Scotland, 3 Volumes. 1876; rpt. Freeport, 1971
Black Moors in Scotland and England since Classical Times
Saint Deiniol Lineage
Another image of Saint Deiniol
Stained glass from St. Deiniol’s Church in Wales
A link to WHY you are so sure of the unliklihood of Saint Deiniol being a person of color, and a bit about Paul Edwards:
Despite all the handicaps examined in this article, the history of blacks in Britain has not only emerged, but is coming of age. Even before Walvin, Paul Edwards produced mociern scholarly editions of the eighteenth-century black British writers Equiano (1969), Cugoano (1969) and Sancho (1968), and a popular condensed version of Equiano’s writings, Equiano’s Travels (1967). Edwards is now using his knowledge of Old Norse, Old Irish and Old English to trace blacks in the British Isles during the Dark Ages, and it was he who vindicated Joel Rogers by demonstrating a black presence in Roman Britain.
And that’s all the homework I’m willing to help you with today. Get reading!!!
*rebloggable by request; disputed work included
Additional information about Saint Deiniol:
From The Parish of Oystermouth
The Life of Saint Deiniol transcribed by Sir Thomas Williams of Trefriw in 1602 from an “ancient manuscript”