People of Color in European Art History

  1. ao3org:



    So apparently in addition to running Archive of Our Own and providing legal advocacy to fans who run up against plagiarism accusations, the Organization for Transformative Works also publishes a peer-reviewed academic journal called Transformative Works and Cultures that is dedicated to promoting scholarship about fanworks and practices. This journal is 100% free to access and has been publishing 2-3 volumes (each containing 15-18 articles, essays, interviews, and book reviews) per year since 2008. 

    Why is this so fucking exciting? For one thing, academia has a terrible habit of being increeeedibly sloooow to discuss new ideas — partly due to the very long turnaround time necessary to get articles published. By contrast, Transformative Works and Cultures is super up-to-date and teaming with topics that are actually relevant to modern fandom.

    Want to read an academic article about female fans being “fridged” in comic book culture? Done. Interested in learning about the societal implications of mpreg within fanfiction/fanart? Here you go. Want to learn more about race and ethnicity in fandom? Well, would you look at that. Feel a mighty need to read a specially-conducted interview with Orlando Jones about producer/fan interactions in “Sleepy Hollow”? Holy butts the show only came out in 2013 and they already have this what the hell.

    And all of this — all of the knowledge, all of the analysis, all of the academic credibility being added to fannish ideas — is 100% free to access.

    Transformative Works and Cultures is doing fandom an incredible service: by giving a voice to people within fandom, by preserving the discussions and ideas that were important to fannish culture at certain points in time, by emphasizing our significance as a subculture — and all the while doing it on our own terms.

    These are fans working hard to give legitimacy to other fans, and if you don’t think that’s rad as hell then I don’t even know what to tell you. 

    Shout-out to the Journal committee! \o/

    (via w4rgoddess)

  2. After reading about gender-bias and conversation dominance in the classroom, I asked for a peer to observe a physics class I was teaching and keep track of the discussion time I was giving to various students along with their race and gender. In this exercise, I knew I was being observed and I was trying to be extra careful to equally represent all students―but I STILL gave a disproportionate amount of discussion time to the white male students in my classroom (controlling for the overall distribution of genders and races in the class). I was shocked. It felt like I was giving a disproportionate amount of time to my white female and non-white students.

    Even when I was explicitly trying, I still failed to have the discussion participants fairly represent the population of the students in my classroom.

    This is a well-studied phenomena and it’s called listener bias. We are socialized to think women talk more than they actually do. Listener bias results in most people thinking that women are ‘hogging the floor’ even when men are dominating.

    Stop interrupting me: gender, conversation dominance and listener bias, by Jessica Kirkpatrick from Women In Astronomy

    Implicit bias is a thing, just like privilege. Calling it out isn’t meant to shame anyone, but to alert us to step it up and improve ourselves so everyone can have a voice. Be conscious of what you and others are saying, and know when not to speak.

    (via scientific-women)

    (via graygendercosima)

  3. The AP U.S. History course focuses on the development of historical thinking skills (chronological reasoning, comparing and contextualizing, crafting historical arguments using historical evidence, and interpreting and synthesizing historical narrative) and an understanding of content learning objectives organized around seven themes, such as identity, peopling, and America in the world.

    In line with college and university U.S. history survey courses’ increased focus on early and recent American history and decreased emphasis on other areas, the AP U.S. History course expands on the history of the Americas from 1491 to 1607 and from 1980 to the present. It also allows teachers flexibility across nine different periods of U.S. history to teach topics of their choice in depth.

    From the AP United States History Course and Exam Description (effective Fall 2014).

    Conservative school districts like Jefferson County in Colorado are trying to change this curriculum so that it would be "required to promote free enterprise and patriotism and be required to avoid classroom materials that encourage social strife or civil disobedience. “ has a massive page of resources for educators teaching Advanced Placement US History here. From the description:

    This page now features the important information and resources you need to implement the redesigned AP United States History course, which will go into effect in fall 2014. The AP United States History revised course stresses the development of thinking skills and enduring understandings necessary to deal critically with the main issues and documents of United States history.

  4. peashooter85:

    The Jews of Ancient China —- The Kaifeng Jews

    The destruction of Jerusalem at the hands of the Romans in 70 AD would create a wave of Jewish diaspora as Jewish rebels were sold into slavery or exiled to locations all over the Roman Empire.  However the spread of Jewish peoples would expand beyond the borders of the Roman world, as Jewish genes can be found all over Europe, Africa, and Asia.  One far flung Jewish community can be found in China, one of the most extreme examples of Jewish immigration in the ancient world.

    After the Jewish revolt against Rome many thousands of Jews headed east to enjoy the wealth and riches of the Silk Road to Asia.  Jewish merchant communities sprang up all over Persia, Afghanistan, and Northern India.  One Jewish group traveled as far as Henan Province (Eastern China) and settled in the cosmopolitan city of Kaifeng between 600 – 900 AD.  By the year 1100 the Jews of Kaifeng had established a large and healthy community with a synagogue, communal kitchen, kosher slaughterhouse, ritual bath, and Sukkah (special building used to celebrate the festival of Sukkot).  During the Ming Dynasty the Kaifeng Jews took Chinese surnames which corresponded with the meanings of their original Jewish names.  One Kaifeng Jew, Zhao Yingcheng (Moshe Ben Abram) made his mark in Chinese history by being named the Director of the Ministry of Justice by the Emperor in the mid 1600’s. The religious traditions of the Kaifeng Jews remained the same through most of their history, corresponding exactly to the religious practices of Jews in the west.  However, in the 1860’s the community would be uprooted due to the chaos caused by the Taiping Rebellion.  The synagogue was destroyed and much of the ancient practices of the Kaifeng Jews were lost or forgotten.  The war caused a mini-diaspora of Chinese Jews as they sought refuge all over China.  After the war many Jews returned to Kaifeng to rebuild their community.  Today the Kaifeng Jews still maintain a small community with a rebuilt synagogue.  Today 1,000 Jews still maintain a prosperous community in Kaifeng.

    Further Reading:

    The Jews of Kaifeng, China: History, Culture, and Religion By Xin Xu

    The Haggadah of the Kaifeng Jews of China By Fook-Kong Wong, Dalia Yasharpour

    Legends of the Chinese Jews of Kaifeng By Xin Xu

    The Kaifeng Stone Inscriptions: The Legacy of the Jewish Community in China By Tiberiu Weisz

    The Jews of China: Historical and Comparative Perspectives edited by Jonathan Goldstein

  5. armellekumakins wrote...

    This blog is brilliant and much needed! I've been struggling to incorporate diversity into Euro-centric curriculum beyond semi-irrelevant footnotes. I believe equality doesn't simply mean all races are taught the same information; it means all races are given the same value within the information taught. Thus, demonstrating the influences of PoC on Europe is important. I see this blog focuses on art so can you suggest similar blogs/sites about PoC influences on European literature or philosophy?


    If you’re looking for something like Medievalpoc but for literature:

    The two best-known Black European authors from before the 20th century (that you probably already know) would probably be Alexander Pushkin and Alexandre Dumas. This is a very good article to read in regard to learning and teaching Black European history and addressing its complexities.

    For philosophy, you’ll have to dig a little deeper for resources. Here’s what I have tagged “philosophy”. Not a lot of books on History of Philosophy in regard to Europeans of color, despite plenty of learned people like Anton William Amo and the rich history of Classical texts being preserved in the Middle East during the Medieval period in Europe.

    If anyone has more resources, feel free to add them in the notes.

  6. stacysix wrote...

    I apologize if I misread the Tumblr attributions, but re: Brave/Rapunzel, I think you wrote "And of course, the former Romans living and working in Scotland at the time would have no written record of their activities or appearance because no one cared." Please google: Roman soldier letters. The first result I got was from a POC, and was quite cool. Then add "Scotland" to your search. Look for the Vindolanda Letters. Again, I'm sorry if I misattributed that statement to you. Thanks.


    I’m going to use this in something I’m writing, and also it’s absolutely hilarious and amazing, and if you haven’t read it and laughed and then looked into it, you should do.

    If there is anything that ever existed that needs at least 800 of everything written about it, it’s freezing African Romans in Scotland writing home for socks and underwear.

    There is an online searchable database for the Vindolanda tablets here.

    This is the letter about the socks (from the sender):






    Incoming mail (tablet 346) is also revealing: ‘I have sent you … pairs of socks from Sattua, two pairs of sandals and two pairs of underpants.’  It was obviously a bit cold for soldiers on the north-west frontier of the Roman Empire.



    They wore them with sandals, apparently, before they gave up and went to boots.






    "… I have sent (?) you … pairs of socks from Sattua, and two pairs of underpants, two pairs of sandals … Greet …ndes, Elpis, Iu…, …enus, Tetricus and all your messmates with whom I pray that you live in the greatest good fortune."

    ^ Say hi to Tetricus and them for me

  7. sitcomofmylife wrote...

    Hi! I was looking thru your books and resources tags, and couldn't find what I'm looking for, so I thought I'd send an ask. Do you have any recommendations for "lies my teachers told me"-style books for high schoolers? I'd like to get something for my two cousins who are starting 9th grade. I wish I'd had a heads up that the curriculum is so whitewashed and plain wrong.



    Hmmm. You know, I work in college education, so I don’t always have resources at hand for slightly younger folks, although I try. If anyone has suggestions, please add them in the notes!

    Lies My Teacher Told Me and Lies Across America would probably interest high schoolers but to really spark an interest ninth graders may like poking around the author James Loewen’s website. There’s articles and videos and a bunch of other stuff in the special features section that can lead them to the information in whatever way appeals most.

    Most of the readers in the notes seem to be of the opinion that the book is fine for high school age students; another book several recommended was Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States. I personally am not a fan for various reasons, but your mileage may vary. (If people really NEED to know why, I think the overall tone of the text attempts the whole ‘equally puncturing the pomposity of history’ but it actually comes off pretty disrespectful to the histories of a lot of marginalized Americans. Coming out of the gate with “Arawak men and women, naked, tawny, and full of wonder…” is a pretty good way to make me stop reading your book.)

  8. shadesofmauve:







    I just watched a kid break down in the bookstore because his books for the semester totaled $600 and that’s the american university system in a nutshell

    I was on the verge of tears when I got to the cashier so yeah, that’s messed up

    Go here and just, don’t waste any more money okay?

    While I entirely support following that link, I also suggest going to Abe Books or Book Depository or even eBay to see if there are inexpensive print versions of books you need. I haven’t paid full-price for any of my texts while I’m in school… because that would DOUBLE the cost of school.

    I use the ISBN of the require books and search the cheap sites for them.

    Good luck out there, guys!

    Paging FenrisLorsrai! Come work your resource magic on this post!

    I HAVE BEEN SUMMONED. (but I’ll post on my actual bookstore account)

    Quick anddirty meta search for books: Addall. it’ll crawl 40+ book sites at once including ABE, ALibris, Amazon, Half in both domestic AND foreign versions.

    Meta search #2! which focuses specifically on textbooks. It omits some foreign sites that AddAll includes, BUT it also includes a whole bunch of rentals as well.  Renting is probably the most cost effective method overall.


    First determine a few things:

    • Make sure you have the ISBN
    • IF IT IS A BUNDLE: Determine if you need a software key/CD/workbook/lab book or not.  Many times you do not.  Math classes increasingly NEED the software key, but more on that later
    • ASK THE PROFESSOR: If this is not the first edition of the book, can you use a previous edition?  One edition back is generally half the cost of current, two is generally about 1/8th the cost.  Generally you can get away with this if its material that doesn’t change rapidly. Your course on the Civil War, you can probably use two editions back. Your computer programming class on latest greatest language… you probably need newest edition.
    • FOR LITERATURE CLASSES: determine if you book is from before 1929. If it is, its in public domain, you can almost certain get a free copy online.  If they want a SPECIFIC copy for an essay bundled with book, see below.

    Now, run your search by ISBN using the two metasearch sites.  Open them in separate tabs.  

    gettextbooks shows you WITH the shipping, Addall does NOT show you the shipping.  keep this in mind when you’re comparing.  You’ll see a lot of duplication.  GetTextbooks will also show you SOME variants.

    Now that you have those open, open two more tabs.  Run a second search on same two sites using the author and exact title you picked up from search #1.  This will show you all the international editions and weird bundles that don’t exactly match the ISBN of the bookstore

    WHAT THE HELL IS AN INTERNATIONAL EDITION: its a paperback version of the US version with an angry notice on the cover saying “NOT FOR SALE OUTSIDE INDONESIA”. Its the same book, but way cheaper.  ignore the angry warning, the US Supreme Court has your back. NO, REALLY. Right of first sale, baby!  ignore the angry warning and you basically have same book, it just isn’t printed with ink made from student tears and unobtanium.

    Now filter results based on whether you need any Extra materials or not. 

    IF YOU DO NEED THE EXTRA MATERIALS: this is where it gets tricky. an intact bundle is generally the most expensive option or near top end of price curve.  If you NEED the other materials, you may be able to get them cheaper in pieces.  and you can buy mismatched pieces!

    Say for example you need a math textbook, but need the software key for the math problem program.  The professor said you can use older book.  Buy a math book that one or more editions back and then buy the software key separately from the SOFTWARE manufacturer.  You’ll find the software keys on booksites all by themselves, but they’re generally way more expensive than buying the key direct from software manufacturer. and no shipping then!

    NOW A WORD ON LITERATURE: sometimes profs want you to get a specific edition of something to read a specific essay in the book. You have about 50/50 odds that the essay is in the front of the book. IF IT IS, you may be able to read the essay on Amazon by going to that books page and clicking on the “look inside”.  They generally preview between 10-30 pages of books and that often means its the essay you needed, not the actually BODY of the book.  So you can look up the specific copy of Frankenstein on Amazon, read the essay, then download a free different version from Project Gutenberg.

    FOR RECENT NONFICTION, make sure you have an up to date library card for your HOME library and the LOCAL city library where your college is.  Many have digital loans available, where you can check out the ebook for free and popular nonfiction is frequently available that way.

    IF YOU CAN GET YOUR BOOKLIST BEFORE GOING TO SCHOOL: shop for the mundane things locally first.  There will be 50 people in CollegeTown looking for that book, you may be the only one in your home town.  supply and demand, if you found it in collegetown, it may be 10X price of your local bookstore.

    and check you local library as well!  You may be able to check out some of those books from your local library and take them to school with you and renew them online one or more times, depending on how in demand they are.  There will be NO copies in CollegeTown library because there’s 50 people asking for it.  But your HOME town, you may be able to renew it twice since its low demand. Write on your calender when they’re due or need to be renewed.  Renew them OR tuck the whole pile into a Priority Mail flat rate box and send them home to your folks.  The cost of the priority box to send several library books home is probably way less than what you’d pay for them. (or if its stuff you know you need AFTER a break where you’ll be home, request a hold from school, pick up at home)


    You determined you HAVE to buy a book and you’ve narrowed it down to a few choices of source.  Run a search for “coupon + Sitename” what looked like the lowest priced may not if you find a coupon for the 2nd or 3rd lowest priced option. Gettextbook will generate some automatically, but you may be able to find even better ones.

    So make yourself some food, get a beverage, put on some tunes and compare prices!

    and if you’re reached point of wanting to curl up in a ball and die, you can send us an ask with the ISBN for your book and answers to questions aobe (extra materials, previous edition, etc) and we’ll send you back an note with a link to the cheapest one we can find.  I do this for a living, send an ask and I’ll get it done usually within about 12 hours.


    (via cypheroftyr)

  9. tora42 replied to your quote: “In the 19th century measurements of cranial capacity by Morton and…”:
    If anyone wants to read more about it ‘Skull Wars’ by David Hurst Thomas is a decent resource, especially if someone’s interested in how skull typing was used to justify how white people treated Native Americans.
  10. gaymergirls:

    aww nasa has a page for space technology terms you can use in science fiction


    Math and Science Week! (for my fellow ‘nerds’)

    (via mumblingsage)